Advantages of Sainfoin

Advantages of Sainfoin

  1. Sainfoin grows on poor soils: sandy, sandy, shallow underlain by moraine loam, on eroded and cartilaginous-gravelly soils rich in lime, where other crops do not give positive results.
  2. High productivity. The yield of green mass during the growing season is up to 400-500 kg/ha and 40-70 kg/ha of hay. Seed productivity – 3-9 kg/ha and more.
  3. According to the content of feed units and digestible protein, sainfoin is not inferior to alfalfa and superior to clover. 100 kg contains: Green mass; Feed units – 22 kg; Digestible protein – 3.1 kg; Carotene – 6.5 g; Hay; Feed units – 54 kg; Digestible protein – 10.1 kg; Carotene – 2.5 g.
  4. Green mass is a good raw material for making hay, haylage, silage. When feeding green mass, unlike clover and alfalfa, it does not cause tympanum in animals.
  5. Productive longevity – 3-5 years or more.
  6. Shoots sainfoin can withstand spring frosts up -7-90S.
  7. It does not need to use mineral nitrogen. The number of nodules on the roots is greater than on the roots of alfalfa. In summer drought, sainfoin preserves working nodules when their activity is suspended on the roots of other leguminous crops.
  8. It has a high ability to absorb soil phosphorus.
  9. It accumulates up to 70 kg/ha of organic matter in the form of root residues, with which about 140 kg of nitrogen, 30 kg of phosphorus and up to 50 kg of potassium enter the soil.
  10. A great precursor to crops.
  11. Pure sainfoin and its mixtures with cereal grasses improve the soil structure and protect the soil from water and wind erosion.
  12. Excellent nectariferous plant. From 1 ha of sainfoin receive up to 90 kg of nectar.